Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening
Although it has its side effects, mammography screening is a program offered at a certain cost and in intervals, and is designed for the purpose of early cancer detection which assists in lowering the rates of deaths and also improving therapeutic options. Currently, mammography screening is the only proved method to meet the needs above. The paragraphs below explain 3 of the pros of mammography screening and 3 of its cons, starting with the advantages. about this website
To begin with, the first advantage of this screening is that it reduces the mortality rate although it will be well evaluated years from now since it is hard to assess it for this one type of cancer when all cancers kill during the advanced stages. Mortality reduction for women participating in this program is estimated to reduce by over 35% for women participating in the program an 15% to 30% to all women receiving medical attention.
The second advantage brought by the early detection due to mammography screening is the increased probability of early treatment since early detection leads to reduced chemotherapy, low number of mastectomies, and improved results from breast conservation
The last advantage is that there is improved quality assurance of the diagnostic chain where promising infrastructure has been put in place so as to optimize the coordination and cooperation of different sections of diagnostic chain due to the cases of detection without subsequent assessments.
To begin on the shortcomings, the first is that mammography exposes the women to risks of radiation and other risks with the digital mammography techniques offering a dosage of 4mGy per breast, whose effect however decreases with the increase in age, as women beyond 40 years have less chances of dying due to breast cancer.
The second con of the mammography screening is that, like the other medical tests, there is a risk of it giving a false alarm, where the screening may detect abnormalities that require some more intense analysis but turn out to benign even for the second time, making the women who go and never come back for subsequent screens live with a false alarm that they have cancer in their minds. read more now
Lastly, there the risk of over diagnosis whereby some additional cancers detected may not have come to affect the person if the screening was not done and detecting them does not reduce death rates and this can be proved by the fact that a screened population of the same composition and age tend to have more breast cancers than the unscreened population with the same composition and age.